Key Takeaways:

  • Resources in ICS are crucial for managing incidents and coordinating response efforts.

  • The types of resources available include personnel, equipment, facilities, and technology.

  • Proper management of resources ensures efficient and effective incident handling.

  • ICS resource management practices adhere to standardized protocols to enhance collaboration.

    What are Resources in ICS?

    In Incident Command System (ICS), resources refer to all assets and personnel deployed to manage and respond to incidents. These resources encompass a wide range of categories, including personnel, equipment, facilities, and technology. Effectively managing resources is essential for coordinating response efforts, ensuring the safety of first responders and the community, and minimizing incident impact.

    Personnel Resources

    Personnel resources constitute the human resources involved in incident management, including:

    • First responders: Firefighters, law enforcement officers, emergency medical technicians, and other emergency personnel directly engaged in incident response.

    • Command staff: Incident commander, operations section chief, planning section chief, logistics section chief, and finance/administration section chief负责协调和管理响应。

    • Support staff: Personnel providing administrative, technical, medical, or logistical support to the incident response effort.

      Equipment Resources

      Equipment resources encompass any physical equipment necessary for incident management, such as:

      • Fire apparatus: Fire engines, ladder trucks, and other firefighting equipment.

      • Medical equipment: Ambulances, medical kits, and other medical supplies.

      • Law enforcement equipment: Police cars, riot gear, and other law enforcement equipment.

      • Heavy machinery: Cranes, bulldozers, and other heavy equipment for rescue, recovery, and cleanup operations.

        Facility Resources

        Facility resources include any physical locations used for incident management, such as:

        • Command center: A central facility for managing and coordinating incident response.

        • Staging areas: Locations where resources are mobilized and deployed.

        • Field hospitals: Temporary facilities for providing medical treatment to injured personnel.

        • Shelters: Locations for providing refuge and assistance to victims and evacuees.

          Technology Resources

          Technology resources include any electronic devices or software used for incident management, such as:

          • Communication systems: Radios, cell phones, and other devices for communication between incident responders.

          • Information systems: Software for managing incident data, tracking resources, and coordinating response efforts.

          • Remote sensing technology: Drones, cameras, and other devices for aerial surveillance and data collection.

          • Geographic information systems (GIS): Software for displaying and analyzing geographic data to support decision-making.

            Resource Management in ICS

            Effective resource management in ICS involves the following steps:

            • Identification: Determining the resources required for the incident.

            • Acquisition: Acquiring resources from various sources, such as neighboring jurisdictions, mutual aid agreements, and private contractors.

            • Assignment: Assigning resources to specific roles and tasks within the incident response plan.

            • Tracking: Maintaining an inventory of resources and monitoring their location and status.

            • Demobilization: Releasing resources from the incident when they are no longer needed.


              Resources play a vital role in incident management, providing the personnel, equipment, facilities, and technology necessary for effective response efforts. Proper resource management ensures that these assets are used efficiently and effectively to protect the community and minimize the impact of incidents. ICS provides standardized protocols for resource management to enhance coordination and collaboration among responding agencies.

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